6 reasons to use Java for web development

Posted: 2023-10-31
Written by: Paweł Nicewicz

Technology is awash with new programming languages every year, but Java remains one of the most dominant and irreplaceable. The language emerged on the technology scene as early as the 1990s, but it still plays an essential role in modern web development today. Java is more than just another programming language – it’s a success story that has been providing tools to new generations of developers for more than two decades.

Whether you want to know what makes this language so popular, how it can save you from technology debt, or even just find out why it is so important in web development, read on. Let’s discover what makes Java unique and why it is regarded as one of today’s most significant programming languages.


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Java’s high performance and unparalleled scalability in web development

Programming performance is usually conceived of in terms of application speed, response time, and efficiency. Performance is crucial nowadays since users expect websites and applications to respond immediately.

Why does Java’s performance stand out?

Since its inception, Java has always been designed with high performance in mind. Due to the JVM (Java Virtual Machine), Java can compile source code into intermediate code, enabling faster application execution. Plus, modern JVMs come equipped with advanced optimization mechanisms that automatically optimize application performance.

An important performance-enhancing feature of the JVM is JIT (Just-In-Time Compiler). A JIT dynamically compiles portions of byte code into machine code during program execution. This enables Java applications to run much more quickly than when interpreted. The adaptive compilation process optimizes the most frequently used parts of the code to the maximum extent possible, making for better application responsiveness and overall performance.

Scalability – the key to handling surging traffic

Java’s trump card is not only its performance. In a world where web applications must cope with increasing traffic, scalability becomes equally imperative. With its modular nature and multithreading support, Java makes it possible to create applications that quickly adapt to an ever-growing number of users. This lets companies confidently develop their applications, knowing Java can handle them.

Adaptation to changing requirements

Today’s web development is characterized by volatility. Adapting to changing market conditions and user requirements is absolutely essential for companies. With its flexibility, Java allows developers to modify applications on the fly while maintaining high performance and scalability. 

Java and its unparalleled app programming security standards

In the technological world, security is another key concern. No matter what kind of application you’re designing, whether it’s an online shop, a banking app, or a social networking platform, maintaining uninterrupted user data operation is vital. With its built-in security mechanisms, Java is one of the leading programming languages in this field.

Security from the ground up

Java was designed with security in mind. Its architecture, including memory isolation and sandboxing, protects the system from potentially harmful code. In other words, the likelihood of unwanted bits of code causing harm in an application is limited even if they get into the application. It’s like building a castle with high walls and a moat – if an enemy gets in, further penetration is hindered.

Active monitoring and app updates

Java’s security efforts don’t end with its architecture. By updating regularly and patching, potential security vulnerabilities can be identified and corrected quickly. Backed by an active community and dedicated teams, Java is always several steps ahead of potential threats.

Advanced security management tools

Java is not only robust against external threats but also equips developers with tools for creating secure applications. Features such as APIs for security management, access control, or security policies enable the creation of applications that thwart various attacks. Comparable to the ship’s captain, who ensures everyone is safe on board while also knowing what tools and procedures to use in case of crisis.

The indispensable ecosystem of libraries and frameworks available in Java

Modern programming is all about using tools and solutions to create functional and effective applications in the shortest possible time. With its rich ecosystem, Java is at the forefront of this revolution.

A plethora of ready-to-use libraries

With Java’s vast library selection, programmers can easily add functionality to their software without writing everything from scratch. It’s a bit like using LEGO bricks, where each block represents a specific functionality, and the programmer puts them together. These libraries save time and money while guaranteeing application robustness and performance.

Frameworks to make developers’ lives easier

A framework is a set of tools and practices that simplify the process of developing an application. From Spring to Hibernate to JavaFX, Java provides plenty of options. By focusing on the most critical aspects of an application, developers can manage minor issues more easily. It’s like a ready-made toolkit for a carpenter to start building furniture right away instead of making nails.

Ongoing updates and development

It is noteworthy to mention that the Java ecosystem isn’t static. As market demands and programmer needs grow, new libraries and frameworks are developed and updated regularly. This means that Java not only adapts to modern programming trends but often sets them. Java is one of the most prominent trendsetters in the world of technology, much like fashion, which is constantly changing.

Java at the forefront of technology: support for microservices architectures and cloud solutions

The technology of today often requires flexibility and scalability to keep up with user demands and changing market conditions. With Java’s comprehensive support for microservices and cloud platforms, these challenges can be quickly addressed.

Microservices: flexibility and modularity

In software design, microservices separate applications into smaller, independent components that are easy to update and scale. The Java programming language and its frameworks, such as Spring Boot, make it an ideal platform for building microservices applications. Rather than building one large structure, you construct many smaller ones that come together to create one cohesive whole. 

Cloud: support for modern infrastructures

Cloud technologies have been supported by Java for years, making it possible for companies to benefit from the flexibility, security, and cost savings offered by cloud providers. The frameworks and tools of today, such as Quarkus and Micronaut, are specifically designed to operate in the cloud. There is another aspect in which Java excels over other programming languages: its ability to integrate with a variety of cloud services and platforms easily. From databases to queueing mechanisms to artificial intelligence solutions, Java developers have everything in the cloud. It’s like having a universal remote control for all the devices in the house – one tool, multiple uses.

Keeping the tradition alive: why Java backward compatibility is key to success

In a world where innovation and updates emerge at an alarming rate, constancy and reliability matter a great deal. Through Java’s backward compatibility policy, companies are guaranteed a seamless transition between different versions, protecting investments and saving time.

Hassle-free upgrades and migrations

Java backward compatibility means that older Java applications run correctly, even in newer JVM versions. This eliminates costly and time-consuming migrations.

With backward compatibility, companies can rest assured that their investments in software development aren’t wasted due to technological advances. Thus, they defend themselves against technology debt. Java, on the other hand, has earned a tremendous amount of trust from developers throughout the world because of its consistency in maintaining backward compatibility. Having this assurance builds loyalty and commitment among developers, who know their efforts and skills will not be squandered. It’s a bit like building a house on a solid foundation – your structure remains intact and stable even if you add new floors or rooms.

Not just a language, but a community: ubiquitous support for Java developers

In the programming world, the language and its technical capabilities are one thing, but the community surrounding it is equally, if not more, significant. There is a vibrant Java community around the world, which makes it not only a powerful language but also a comprehensive source of help and inspiration.

Forums, conferences, and meetups

The Java community is active worldwide. Several discussion forums, including Stack Overflow, are available to developers for asking questions and sharing knowledge. Conferences and meetings are also held to share experiences and network. The community’s activity has led to abundant educational materials, including courses, blogs, and video tutorials. Regardless of proficiency level, Java developers will find something they like. Java and several related tools and frameworks are available open source. In other words, developers can use the code as well as contribute their own fixes and improvements.

Summing it up

It has been more than two decades since Java was first introduced to the market, but it continues to maintain its dominance in the world of technology. There is no coincidence here, as we learned in the article above. In addition to its high performance, Java offers unparalleled security, making it ideally suited for both simple websites and sophisticated business systems.

Besides its technical genius, it is surrounded by a comprehensive ecosystem of support. A wide array of libraries, developed frameworks, and tools ensure that developers don’t have to start from scratch but can build on the solid foundations that have already been laid. This definitely speeds up the development process and elevates the quality of the final products.

Java remains at the forefront, supporting the newest technologies and trends in the era of clouds and microservices. Its ability to adapt to changing conditions while maintaining backward compatibility is almost unsurpassed. As a result, companies that invested in Java years ago can still reap the benefits of this choice without worrying about potential pitfalls with upgrades.

In conclusion, Java is not just a programming language. There is an entire ecosystem involved, an established tradition of excellence, and a community dedicated to making the technology even better in the future. The Java programming language remains a vital tool in the world of web development and is essential for programmers’ arsenal as well as for companies with a forward-thinking attitude and a desire to grow and keep up with the changing business environment without incurring technology debt.

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Written by: Paweł Nicewicz,
Java Developer

By day a Java Developer with almost a decade of experience, by night an intrepid explorer of all that is not Java (programming languages are like good jokes, the more you know them, the better). After hours, he turns into a master of DIY and 3D printers, creating things that didn't even know they wanted to be printed.

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